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SOME WW2 FACTS..........The Germans had an aircraft carrier called “Graf Zeppelin” that never left port due to lack of finishing. After the war, the USSR used it to learn ways to sink Western carriers. The USSR had limited experience in naval combat during WW2 and was seeking ways to learn about carrier combat..........The invasion of Okinawa was larger than that of D-Day..........The US & UK actively worked on ways to assist their own POWs to escape prison camps. The United Kingdom had a very interesting method – Send care packages via the Red Cross that contained maps. The maps were made out of cloth Monopoly boards and contained secret codes..........Thousands of American servicemen were killed off the coast of the United States by the German submarines. In fact, this is the reason the saying “Loose Lips Sink Ships” became so popular. The US government’s intention wasn’t to avoid ship route information being leaked to the Germans (Granted, that certainly could have been a side benefit). The primary reason was to prevent American morale from faltering if Americans knew that German submarines were operating in as little as a few hundred yards off the coast. Sinking ships and killing American sailors who had very little defense. An etimated 609 American ships were lost during the ‘Second happy time’ for a total loss of 22 German U-boats..........The first Tiger tanks could actually act as submarines. Each tank was fitted with a snorkel that would allow the tank to operate underwater as long as it could reach fresh air. This was intended to allow tanks to drive through deep rivers in Russia. Eventually the parts were dropped in favor of making the tanks easier to produce..........Between December 7th 1941 and September 22nd 1945 it was illegal to sell a new car in the United States. In fact, new cars simply wouldn’t be produced during the entire war period. Any individual caught storing or selling new cars risked imprisonment..........Nickel was so valuable in the United States that the metal was actually removed from the 5-cent piece during the war. It was substituted with silver, which was considered less valuable for war. If you happen to find a nickel minted between 1942 and 1945, it most likely contains 35% silver content, which is worth anywhere between $1 and $2 depending on market prices. Pennies in Canada and the United States were also stripped of their copper content and replaced with galvanized steel..........Although making up around 2% of total naval tonnage, the United States submarine force accounted for more than 50% of enemy ships destroyed..........A battalion of Japanese Americans liberated the Dachau prisoner camp. Initially American soldiers in the camp feared that soldiers from the Empire of Japan were there to kill them. The soldiers quickly realized they were mistaken when the soldiers spoke English and started passing out cigarettes..........On November 11, 1940, Molotov met with Ribbentrop in Berlin, where the German Foreign Minister insisted that Britain was “finished.” Then an air raid alarm blared, and everybody went to the shelter, and waited out the bombing. Molotov asked acidly, “If the British are finished, why are we sitting here, and whose bombs are falling on us?” Ribbentrop had no answer..........Pearl Harbor was bombed a total of three times during ww2. Twice on December the 7th, 1941, and again on March 4th 1942. The first two attacks resulted in significant devastation to the US navy. The third attack resulted in no American casualties, the bombs dropped by the Japanese however did damage some private property..........The French government recruited SS and former Wehrmacht prisoners to fight against the Vietnamese in the French-Indochina war..........A total of 236 submarines were used by the United States during WW2. A total of 52 were destroyed, resulting in a 22% casualty rate, the highest of any branch during WW2..........Nicknamed the “White Mouse”, a Australian citizen by the name of Nancy Wake led a one-woman army through occupied France and parts of Germany. She managed to kill (by some estimates) dozens of German soldiers while blowing up no less than one munitions factory..........Source: KnowledgeGlue

Rare pictures of Battle of Stalingrad

"The defenders of the city used to say that the streets, avenues and
parks near the Volga became slippery from blood, and that the Germans
slipped down to their doom."
General Chuikov

Abandoned German self-propelled guns, seized by Soviet troops at Stalingrad. This ACS Marder II had a 76.2-mm gun.


1. On each square kilometer of Stalingrad Tractor Factory's territory weredropped approx. 2000 bombs (not counting small-gauge artillery and mortars).
2. On each running kilometer of the rail track were about 16 bomb craters.
3. On each running kilometer of pipelines were 15 direct hits.

A little story from Russia

My name is Anna Streltasova. In 1942,during the war, I lived in Stalingrad. My mother, my little sister, my father and I lived in an apartment house. My father worked on the machines at the nearby tractor factory. I was just finished with my secondary schooling and I had begun my education at the medical university. Along with my medical education, I was also a member of a voluntary civilian medical unit.

Late in the morning of August 23rd, I had come home from medical school and my mother had asked me to go to the market to purchase a watermelon and bring it home for lunch. As I was returning from the market, I heard air-raid sirens. Because I was only seventeen years old and afraid of nothing, this did not alarm me and I just ignored them. I had heard many sirens before and nothing had ever happened. My only purpose was to bring the watermelon home for my mother and little sister to enjoy. Mother was waiting to cut the watermelon on her cutting board, and she did so with a big sharp knife. Oh, it looked so red and ripe and delicious.

Just as we were about to eat, a bomb crashed into our building. Broken glass flew everywhere. My little sister was hit by glass fragments and was bleeding. Mother grabbed a pink cloth and attempted to stop the bleeding. The cloth was covered with red blood and red chunks of watermelon. Mother immediately snatched up my little sister to take her to the hospital. The bombs were falling all over the neighbourhood and the houses were on fire. I wanted to accompany them, but had to stay to help with the wounded that were pouring out into the street. I struggled to help get the wounded down to the ferry to escape.

There was a crowd of people out in the street, both military and civilian, many wounded. And many children. It was impossible for me to return to my home. There was no turning back for me. I voluntarily joined the army to work in a field hospital where my training and education would help.

Five years later, in 1947, I returned home to Stalingrad. There was nothing left of my neighborhood. My street was gone, my home was gone and my mother and little sister had disappeared forever. My last hope was that I would be able to find my father. But, in fact, on August 24, 1942, the German soldiers were already approaching the tractor factory. My father took up a rifle and others grabbed machine guns and some took T-34 tanks directly from their work on the tank assembly line, they ran out of the plant to stop the German troops. There was no Russian army unit nearby, so these brave citizen soldiers held the Germans off for three to four days until the first Russian troops were able to relieve them. Unfortunately I must tell you, my father was killed during this battle. In two short days of my young life, I lost my home, family and everything I had. From that day onward, watermelon's rich red colour fills me with such sorrow. I have never been able to eat or buy a watermelon. Never.

Anna Streltasova
Russian troops in action at Stalingrad as the Russian winter rages on.


Few would disagree that the loss of the German 6th Army at Stalingrad represented the turning point of the Eastern front, indeed of WWII in Europe. Heroic as the efforts of the Luftwaffe's air and ground crews were, the defenders could never have been adequately supplied by airlift alone.

Could the relief attempt mounted by General Hoth's 4th Panzer Army ever have reached the cauldron across150km of wintry steppe?

Once the panzers had punched a corridor through, 800 lorries loaded with 3,000 tons of supplies were to restore 6th Army's fighting strength and evacuate the wounded; von Manstein intended that Paulus then initiate the breakout, spearheaded by his own remaining armour (some hundred-odd tanks).

By Christmas Eve, the relief attempt had stalled on the defences recently manned by the 2nd Guards Army on the banks of the *Myshkova river, less than fifty kilometres from the siege lines but still impossibly far for the defenders to have reached even had Paulus willed the abandonment of the city.

By then the tank strength of the LVII Panzerkorps had been worn down by twelve days of bitter fighting and the men of its constituent 6, 17 and 23 Panzer-Divisions physically exhausted by constant combat in snow and cold, without any shelter on the open steppe.

Finally, the gallant and self-sacrificial relief attempt was doomed - even as the fighting for Vyerkhnye-Kumskiy approached its climax - by the Russian 'Little Saturn' onslaught (16th December) against Armee-Abteilung Hollidt and the Italian 8th Army; as the latter collapsed and Russian tank brigades threatened to overrun the airfields supplying Stalingrad, the strongest formation, 6 Panzer-Division, was urgently required on the far side of the Don. On Christmas Eve, with tears in their eyes, the troops saluted their comrades in the cauldron- now doomed to death in combat or the slower agony of the camps, the fate most feared of all.

These German soldiers froze to death in Stalingrad.

In contrast to the Germans who were freezing to death, the Russians were unrelenting.

General Chuikov

In August 1942 the Germans launched a direct attack against Stalingrad, committing up to 22 divisions with more than 700 planes, 500 tanks, 1,000 mortars, and 1,200 guns. Chuikov, in response, allegedly declared, "We shall hold the city or die here." Much of the fighting in the city and on its perimeters was at close quarters, with bayonets and hand grenades. About 300,000 Germans were killed or captured in the course of the campaign; Soviet casualties totaled more than 400,000. In November the Soviet forces began to counterattack and by the end of the year were on the offensive.
General Chuikov subsequently led his forces into the Donets Basin and then into the Crimea and north to Belorussia before spearheading the Soviet drive to Berlin. Chuikov personally accepted the German surrender of Berlin on May 1, 1945.
After the war he served with the Soviet occupation forces in Germany
(1945-53), commanding those forces from 1949. He headed the Kiev military district from 1953 to 1960 and thereafter held a variety of military assignments in Moscow. He was a candidate member of the Communist Party's Central Committee from 1952 to 1961 and a full member from 1961 until he

Hans Wijers
History Research WWII

The German lost. A Russian soldiers waves the red flag.

"Stalingrad" The Movie


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Points To Ponder


It is difficult to distinguish between the quality of both the German and Russian soldiers. Both were motivated by their love for their motherland. But there were others factors that drove the two sides to such desperate fighting.

One, both sides knew that this was a no-holds bar war. Not fighting was thus not an option.

Second, both Hitler and Stalin had squads that killed any deserter. Turning away from fighting was just not possible.

Thus was seen some of the most bitter, brutal and desperate fighting on the WW2 eastern (Russian) Front.
"Those who do not remember the past are condemned to repeat it."
-- George Santayana


"Be polite; write diplomatically; even in a declaration of war one observes the rules of politeness."
--Otto von Bismarck

"When the enemy advances, withdraw; when he stops, harass; when he tires, strike; when he retreats, pursue.'
--Mao Zedong


"The main thing is to make history, not to write it."
--Otto von Bismarck

"When you have to kill a man it costs nothing to be polite."
--Winston Churchill


"In time of war the loudest patriots are the greatest profiteers."
--August Bebel

"God is not on the side of the big battalions, but on the side of those who shoot best."

Quotes about War....

"Anyone who has ever looked into the glazed eyes of a soldier dying on the battlefield will think hard before starting a war."
---Otto von Bismarck


"Naturally the common people don't want war; neither in Russia, nor in England, nor in America, nor in Germany. That is understood. But after all, it is the leaders of the country who determine policy, and it is always a simple matter to drag the people along, whether it is a democracy, or a fascist dictatorship, or a parliament, or a communist dictatorship. Voice or no voice, the people can always be brought to the bidding of the leaders. That is easy. All you have to do is to tell them they are being attacked, and denounce the pacifists for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger. It works the same in any country."
--Hermann Goering


"To conquer the enemy without resorting to war is the most desirable. The highest form of generalship is to conquer the enemy by strategy."
--Tzu Sun

"All men are brothers, like the seas throughout the world; So why do winds and waves clash so fiercely everywhere?"
--Emperor Hirohito